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铆钉对TA1与1420自冲铆接工艺及失效行为的影响
张先炼, 何晓聪, 曾凯
昆明理工大学, 昆明 650500
摘要:
采用自冲铆接技术对TA1与1420异质薄板组合铆接工艺进行了详细分析,且以长度6 mm,硬度44 HRC ±2 HRC和48 HRC ±2 HRC的铆钉制备了TA1-1420接头(TAF)、1420-TA1接头(ATF)和TA1-1420接头(TAS).通过拉伸-剪切和疲劳试验获取了三组接头的失效模式,借助电子扫描显微镜研究了铆钉对TA1与1420异质薄板接头失效行为的影响.结果表明,铆钉对TA1与1420异质薄板组合的铆接工艺有明显影响,采用6 mm长度的铆钉能够实现对其有效连接,采用高硬度铆钉可减轻铆钉墩粗程度.铆钉硬度提高使接头失效部位由下板大变形区域下移至接头底部,导致异质薄板组合接头的失效行为存在差异.
关键词:  自冲铆接  钛合金  铝锂合金  铆接工艺  失效行为
DOI:10.12073/j.hjxb.2019400178
分类号:TG447
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51565023;51565022);云南省博士新人奖资助项目(1319880250)
Influence of rivet on process and failure behavior of self-piercing riveting in dissimilar sheets of TA1 and 1420 Al-Li alloys
ZHANG Xianlian, HE Xiaocong, ZENG Kai
Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China
Abstract:
Using self-piercing riveting (SPR), riveting processes of dissimilar sheet combinations in TA1 titanium and 1420 aluminum lithium alloy sheets were analyzed with different rivets in detail. And SPR joints of TA1-1420 (TAF), 1420-TA1 (ATF) and TA1-1420 (TAS) were fabricated from different rivets with length of 6 mm and hardness of 44 HRC ±2 HRC and 48 HRC ±2 HRC, correspondingly. Through tensile-shear tests and fatigue tests, failure modes of three groups of joints were obtained. Furthermore, influences of rivet on failure behaviors of self-piercing riveting dissimilar sheets in TA1 and 1420 aluminum lithium alloys were analyzed using electron scanning microscope (SEM). Results show that:rivets have a significant influence on riveting processes of dissimilar sheet combinations. And they can be effectively connected with the rivets of proper length. The upsetting degree can be reduced with the hardness of rivets increased. As the hardness of rivets increased, the failure parts are changed from the huge deformation area to the bottom of the joint and the hardness of rivets also have a significant influence on the failure behaviors of these joints.
Key words:  self-piercing riveting  titanium alloy  aluminum lithium alloy  riveting process  failure behavior